Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

Towards a Uniform Description of Recombiners Performance by a Consistent CFD approach with the use of a Detailed Mechanism of Hydrogen Oxidation

12/16/2023 2023 - #04 Thermal physics and thermal hydraulics

Avdeenkov A.V. Achakovsky O.I. Ketlerov V.V. Soloviev S.L. Duong Quang Huong

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2023.4.05

UDC: 621.039.58

For a consistent CFD substantiation of the recombiner performance, a detailed mechanism of hydrogen and oxygen recombination is used. The detailed mechanism of chemical kinetics (multi-step recombination reaction) makes it possible to claim universality, both in the numerical justification of the recombiner performance and in the justification of the flameless recombination threshold and makes it possible to justify the method for optimizing the recombiner to improve its characteristics. The models developed based on this approach were applied to both flat and cylindrical catalytic elements, which are used in FR and RVK recombiners, respectively. As part of the numerical studies, the detailed recombination mechanism was verified, namely the temperature distribution along the catalytic elements was compared and the performance of catalytic elements was compared as well. Good agreement was obtained between the calculated and experimental data. The approach considers not only the mechanism of surface recombination of hydrogen and oxygen on platinum, but also the mechanism of recombination in the gas phase. This makes it possible to calculate the onset of intense combustion outside the catalytic plates, which is a sign of volumetric ignition of the hydrogen-air environment. The concentrations at which such ignition is possible were obtained at different contents of water vapor in the medium. Thus, the proposed approach and the created models make it possible to fully describe the performance of recombiners of various designs without the use of additional experimental data, which is extremely necessary when justifying the hydrogen explosion safety of nuclear power plants.


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recombinator productivity chemical kinetics ignition multi-step reaction

Link for citing the article: Avdeenkov A.V., Achakovsky O.I., Ketlerov V.V., Soloviev S.L., Duong Quang Huong Towards a Uniform Description of Recombiners Performance by a Consistent CFD approach with the use of a Detailed Mechanism of Hydrogen Oxidation. Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika. 2023, no. 4, pp. 61-72; DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2023.4.05 (in Russian).