Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

SNF Processing Electrochemical Operations: Liquid-Metal and Salt Medium Purification

12/08/2021 2021 - #04 Fuel cycle and nuclear waste management

Shchepin A.S. Koshcheev A.M. Kalenova M.Yu. Melnikova I.M.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2021.4.05

UDC: 621.039.73

The paper investigates the process of regeneration of a liquid metal medium used in the pyroelectrochemical reprocessing of spent mixed uranium-plutonium nitride fuel produced by a fast neutron reactor. The investigation concerns the interaction of liquid cadmium with sludge formed during the anodic dissolution of ceramic nitride pellets in a 3LiCl-2KCl melt medium as well as the possibility of its purification by filtration from individual metal fission products. Anode sludge is represented by fission products of the platinum group, zirconium, molybdenum and technetium. It was determined by scanning electron microscopy that the metal product is composed of several intergrowth phases. It was found that upon contact of a polymetallic alloy simulating anode sludge with a melt, the liquid metal phase is saturated to 0.025 wt% Pd, 0.01 wt% Rh for 50 hours at 500°C, while zirconium forms an insoluble dispersed intermetallic compound ZrCd3. Powders of molybdenum and technetium, which are not wetted with cadmium, can be completely removed using a filter mesh of plain weaving of the P-200 type; when the metal and salt phases are processed together, these metals are assimilated in the salt phase. It is also possible to remove zirconium from anodic cadmium by filtration. The filtration efficiency of ruthenium and palladium powders did not exceed 54.3 and 13.1 wt%, respectively, due to partial dissolution and thinning of particles, which will lead to saturation of the liquid metal phase and the need to purify it by alternative methods.

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anode sludge PFC filter element 3LiCl-2KCl electrolyser SNF intermetallid