Radioecological Modeling of the Dynamics of 131I Activity in Different Types of Grass Vegetation in the Year of the Chernobyl Accident
UDC: 546.15 (438+437):621.039.586(477.41)
The dynamics of the grass fodder and food crop crude biomass in Mazovia in the year of the Chernobyl disaster has been calculated. Densities of the 137Cs и 131I fallout on soil and grass have been studied as a function of rainfall and biomass density as of the time most of the fallout took place. A method is described to convert the instrumental data for the radionuclide activity dynamics in vegetation of one type to vegetation of other types. The results of such data conversion from lawn grass to other types of food and fodder grass vegetation are presented. A method is described for adjusting the dynamics of the radionuclide transport through the food chain components (pasture grass, green meat – milk – human body) by normalizing successively the estimated data in every next component for the average value of the instrumental data ratio to the estimated data in the previous component. The proposed methods are intended to form a mutually consistent base of estimated and reconstructed instrumental data: 137Cs and 131I activity in the atmosphere – rainfall – 137Cs fallout density on terrain – specific activity of 131I in vegetation. Such radioecological database will provide for a longer reliability of the estimated 131I specific activity dynamics in milk and in human body and, in the long run, in estimating the thyroid internal exposure doses.
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