Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

Efficient Method for Filtering Global Noises in Measuring Channels of Leak Control Systems at Nuclear Power Plants with VVER Reactors

11/19/2020 2020 - #04 Global safety, reliability and diagnostics of nuclear power installations

Trykov E.L. Kudryaev A.A. Kotsoev K.I. Ananev A.A.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2020.4.08

UDC: 621.039

At NPPs with VVER reactors, in accordance with GOST R 58328-2018 «Pipelines of nuclear power plants. The “leak-before-failure” concept» [1], the acoustic leak monitoring system (ALMS) and the humidity leak monitoring system (HLMS) are used, with each of the systems performing the leak control function locally, independently of each other.

The results of diagnostics are transferred to the In-Core Monitoring System (ICMS) for subsequent display to the operating personnel at the control room. In addition, a integrated diagnostics system (IDS) is provided, designed, among other things, to confirm the diagnosis and clarify the values of the magnitude and coordinates of the leak based on the analysis of the readings of the leak control systems and the signals of the automatic process control system (APCS). The readings of the measuring channels of the systems are made up of background noises, the sources of which are technological processes from the main equipment and auxiliary systems of the reactor plant and the signal of a leak, when it appears. The most important factor affecting the ability of leak monitoring systems to diagnose leakage is the quality of background noise filtering. The paper proposes a new effective method for filtering global noise, intended for use an integrated diagnostics system.

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filtration acoustic sensors humidity sensors leak analysis background noise algorithm safety