Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

From the planetary model of the atom to the first nuclear power plant

6/24/2019 2019 - #02 History of science

Kharitonov V.V.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2019.2.21

UDC: 539.1; 544.1; 14; 930.85

The planetary atom model was born at first in Russia in B.N. Chicherin (1828 – 1904) articles, published at 1888-1889 years in «Journal of Russian Physical-Chemical Society». Analysis of the Mendeleev table and changes of chemical elements density stimulates B.N. Chicherin to conclusions: «all atoms difference depends on the quantity and distribution of the substance into atoms…», in the atom «…a central substance is electropositive, and peripheral – electronegative…», i.e. «…the atom with central nucleus and revolving around him substance is the analogue of the solar system». Other Russian scientist N.A. Morozov (1854 – 1946) developed ideas of B.N. Chicherin in monograph «Periodical systems of matter structure» which were published in 1907.


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