Izvestia Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zawedeniy. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

Safe development of nuclear power technologies in the arctic: prospects and approaches

9/20/2018 2018 - #03 Current issues in nuclear energy

Sarkisov A.A. Antipov S.V. Smolentsev D.O. Bilashenko V.P. Kobrinsky M.N. Sotnikov V.A. Shvedov P.A.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2018.3.01

UDC: 621.039.58

The demands for nuclear power technologies in the Arctic to solve social and economic problems of the state can only be satisfied if adequate strategies of their safe handling at all stages from design to decommissioning are defined, methodological approaches and mathematical models to predict and minimize adverse environmental impacts of potential emergencies at such facilities are developed, and scientifically-based results yielded within a decision-making support system for the elimination of such emergencies are applied. Special relevance of these requirements is determined by unique features of the Arctic nature and its role in the generation of climatic and hydrological processes in the World Ocean.

The paper presents the main outcomes and the general conclusions based on the analysis of radiological consequences of the wide-scale application of nuclear power industry for the benefit of economical development of the Arctic region. The analysis was performed within the framework of the complex research project «Development of the methodological approaches and mathematical models to access the environmental impact of the possible accidents at the floating nuclear power objects, model calculations of the radiation propagation in the Arctic aquatic territories in case of emergency situations». The increasing demand for the low-power nuclear power sources for the benefit of development of the remote areas, the technological and economical advantages of such sources as well as minimal possible ecological consequences of the hypothetic accidents resulted in the qualitative changes in the attitude towards their usage. We present the estimated scale of usage of the nuclear power and the result of numeric modeling of the activity diffusion in case of emergencies. The conclusion is obtained about the necessity to follow the development strategy of low-power nuclear sources based on the modular concept of their design.

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Arctic region nuclear icebreaking fleet Low-Power Nuclear Power Plant development forecast radiation safety sea areas mathematical modeling