Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

Calculational model and physical and technical factors that determine plutonium proliferation protection

3/23/2018 2018 - #01 Physics and technology of nuclear reactors

Kulikov E.G. Kulikov G.G. Apse V.A. Shmelev A.N. Geraskin N.I.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2018.1.03

UDC: 621.039.58

The article presents theoretically derived third-order elastic moduli. Data on the values of the third-order elastic moduli are required for measuring stressed-strained states [1] in metal structural components of NPPs. The values of the second-order elastic moduli obtained by different methods are found in the reference books [2, 3]. The third-order elastic moduli were obtained only by an acoustic method and there is a large scatter of numerical data, reaching several orders of magnitude [4 – 8]. The accuracy in determining stressed states by acoustic methods depends on the adequacy of an ultrasonic wave propagation velocity model and the accuracy in determining ultrasonic velocities. Therefore, it is necessary to develop methods for determining third-order elastic moduli without using acoustic methods. The author presents such a method based on experimental data on all-round compression, using a differential equation connecting the stress tensor with the strain tensor. The third order elastic constants were determined by the equations for the all-round, uniaxial and biaxial compression-tension. To determine the third-order elastic moduli in alloys used in nuclear power engineering, it is necessary to have data on the all-round compression of these materials [9 – 13]. Then, using the above procedure, it is possible to determine the values of these moduli. The experimentally obtained values of stresses with a negligible error coincide with the values of stresses calculated from the formulas.


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plutonium plutonium 238 proliferation protection nuclear explosive device chemical explosive cryogenic temperatures