Izvestia Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zawedeniy. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

Development of the structured relational database for civil plutonium in Russia and its implementation

3/22/2017 2017 - #01 Fuel cycle and nuclear waste management

Pshakin G.M. Moseev P.A. Yurin V.E. Moseev A L.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2017.1.12

UDC: 621.039.51

As of the present moment enormous amounts plutonium were accumulated during the period of development of the Soviet (Russia) nuclear program in spent fuel of reactors of different types – power, research and mobile. Issues associated with future fate of the accumulated plutonium (and plutonium which is currently being accumulated) such as long-term storage, burial or subsequent use as reactor fuel with closing nuclear fuel cycle, require exact knowledge about the places where plutonium is stored, its quantities and conditions at any required time moment. Existing nuclear material control and accounting system does not allow obtaining the required information. The present study is dedicated to the examination of further development of the structured relational database for civil plutonium in Russia (SRDBCP) development of which was initiated in 2013 and which would allow preparing input data for implementation of systems analytical studies for substantiating the decision taken on the future use of civil plutonium in Russia. The first priority task of the present study is the possibility of selection of technological batches of extracted plutonium for manufacturing BN-800, BREST and BN-1200 fast reactor core loads. At the same time the SRDBCP can be used as well for addressing wider scope of problems associated with substantiation of closed nuclear fuel cycle. Co-operation with such powerful software complexes as CYCLE will allow performing high-accuracy calculations from a single workplace and within compressed timeframe.

Computer mechanisms for processing and transformation of data, mechanisms of interaction with computational software complexes (CYCLE) – preparation of input data for calculations of scenarios of development of nuclear power generation in Russia and in the world based on thermal and fast nuclear reactors, including for closing the nuclear fuel cycle were developed as the result of continued work with SRDBCP.

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closed fuel cycle nuclear fuel nuclear materials control and accounting plutonium minor actinides hardware and software input and output data compatibility with material control and accounting system system for management of specialized data base of plutonium