Izvestiya vuzov. Yadernaya Energetika

The peer-reviewed scientific and technology journal. ISSN: 0204-3327

The temperature monitoring during the reactor core material irradiation by analyzing the structure of graphite-like boron nitride

12/25/2015 2015 - #04 Nuclear materials

Isaev E.I. Stepanov V.A. Stepanov P.A.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26583/npe.2015.4.05

UDC: 621.039.53; 537.9

The materials and components of the advanced nuclear devices are exposed to high dose and high temperature irradiation. In these conditions it is impossible to use methods of the direct temperature determination. Previously a method of reactor temperature determining by analyzing of radiation-induced structure changes in materials was proposed. It was proposed to use high temperature dielectric oxide, nitride and carbide materials as monitors. The possibility of determining the fast reactor temperature by using a series of annealing and analysis of the structure of irradiated boron nitride materials was shown.

In this work it is shown that the reactor temperature determining using a single analysis of the structure of irradiated boron nitride ceramic without time-consuming stage of the post-radiation annealing research is possible. The stationary nano-structural state of boron nitride ceramic occur under high-dose radiation. Such structures depend on the temperature and do not depend on the dose. The temperature dependence of the X-ray line (002) position of radiation-induced stationary phase is obtained. Using this dependence one can determine the temperature in the fast reactor in the range 690-1870 K.

It is shown that the boron nitride ceramic boron contains two structural components. The first component corresponds to a defect-free hexagonal and rhombohedral structures. The second component is strongly deformed nano-crystallites, which contain clusters of vacancy discs. Shifting of Х-lines associated with the second component.

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reactor irradiation temperature monitor structural studies